What exactly is Skin Type?

February 18, 2017

What exactly is Skin Type?

When somebody talks about skin types, they're often referring to how it looks, feels and behaves. It all depends on 3 factors:

  • the amount of oil your skin secretes
  • the capillary activity of your skin
  • and its degree of sensitivity

These aspects, in turn, are determined by genetics and ethnicity. If your mother has oily skin, you may have inherited the same from her. Generally, the size of pores in the T-zone – the area of your face that includes the forehead, chin and nose – can be a reference point to determine skin type.

Skin types can be broadly divided into three categories depending on the oil-water balance:

Dry skin

Dry skin has small follicles and limited sebum production. It can be identified by the presence of small pores. The deficiency in natural oil production makes this skin type more sensitive and calls for extra care. The texture of dry skin is typically rough and tight.

Oily skin

Oil skin produces excessive sebum. In contrast to dry skin, this skin type has larger sized follicles containing more oil, which can be observed at close range. Oil and dead skin cells tend to accumulate in the pores, leading to acne and blackheads.

Combination skin

For combination skin types, the T-zone is oilier, with bigger pores and higher sebaceous gland activity. The other areas of the face show a normal water-oil balance.

Make sure you understand your skin type before you start using new products or treatments. And when in doubt, just ask your esthetician or dermatologist!

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